Nagorno-Karabakh conflict resolution must respect international law

On 18 June, the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs from Russia, France and the US met the Azerbaijani and Armenian Foreign Ministers in Paris. The European Azerbaijan Society (TEAS) shares the disappointment expressed by the three Co-Chairing Presidents – Vladimir Putin, Barack Obama and François Hollande – at the G20 summit yesterday in Los Cabos, Mexico, and supports their recommendations.

Although TEAS welcomes the attention given to this conflict, a solution is far from evident. It has become clear that the conflict is continuing to destabilise the region and that there are constant tensions on the ‘contact line’, which have recently claimed several lives on both sides.

TEAS is convinced that a peaceful settlement of this conflict is crucial and beneficial for the political and socio-economic future of both Azerbaijan and Armenia. However, TEAS observes that Armenia continues to flout the basic rules of international law.

If Armenia continues not to recognise Azerbaijani territorial integrity, nor act in accordance with the four UN Security Council Resolutions (822, 853, 874, and 884) on the liberation of Nagorno-Karabakh and the seven adjacent territories, a peaceful solution will remain impossible. In addition to this, TEAS remains committed to supporting the 875,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees who have been unable to return home for 20 years. This has made Azerbaijan the country with the most IDPs per capita in the world.

TEAS underlines the importance of political action in accordance with the principles of international law, and is convinced that the key to peaceful and sustainable settlement in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is only possible through this international framework. The recent visit of Herman Van Rompuy, President of the European Council, to the region, and the active political commitment demonstrated this spring by the European Parliament through the Resolutions for Association Agreements indirectly prove that EU institutions support TEAS’ objective of resolution according to international principles.