Not frozen, never forgotten – the plight of Azerbaijani internally displaced persons highlighted in Brussels

Press Release: After touring the world for the past four years, the outstanding exhibition Five Roads Back Home – showcasing the work of renowned German photographer Philipp Rathmer – finally came to Brussels, the capital of the EU, on 22 February. The images were displayed in the art nouveau-styled Art Thema Gallery, located near the stunning Grand Place, which has been a leading art space in Brussels for over three decades. They feature a cross-section of some of the estimated one million Azerbaijani internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees. They are the ongoing victims of the Armenian–Azerbaijani conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, and these impressive and emotionally charged images focus on their faces in stark closeup, set against a black background.

The exhibition also served to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Khojaly Massacre, which took place on 26 February 1992, claiming the lives of 613 Azerbaijani civilians. This was the worst single atrocity of this unresolved conflict.

Marc Verwilghen, Director, TEAS Benelux, commented: “I asked a lawyer, specialising in International Penal Law, for his advice. He concluded that successful judicial action against the perpetrators is possible, even before the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague.

“The refugees and IDPs are still housed in camps across the country. In a nation of 9.7 million people, this amounts to one of the highest levels of displacement per capita in the world.

“These are people with no voice, who are unable to return to their homes and lands because of the illegal occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and the seven surrounding regions by Armenia’s armed forces – in defiance of four UN Security Council resolutions and of 23 years of OSCE Minsk Group negotiations. In defiance of all this… there is still no progress!”

Mr Rathmer explained his methodology: “Nagorno-Karabakh is one of the world’s forgotten conflicts. The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan developed into a war in 1992 that killed thousands of people. Now, 25 years on, the conflict is far from over. A ceasefire secures a fragile peace. These IDPs suffer the consequences to this day. In 2012, I visited some of the ordinary victims of this unresolved conflict in their camps. The people told me of their fate, their hopes and their fears – some very candidly, some with a certain reticence.

“These photos show one side of the conflict – the side that had to flee and give up their homes. They represent all those who are displaced in the world’s many wars. One aspiration was common to all – they wanted to take one of the five roads leading back to the occupied regions – one of the Five Roads Back Home.

H.E. Fuad Isgandarov, Azerbaijani Ambassador to the EU, Belgium and Luxembourg, reflected: “Today we commemorate 25 years of the Khojaly tragedy. This was a tragedy that changed too many things for all Azerbaijanis. It is regrettable to reiterate, once more, that the perpetrators of this atrocity are known and still unpunished. We do believe that a peaceful solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is possible, however, we miss a clear engagement from the Armenian side.

“I am very glad that the TEAS Benelux office is organising this unique exhibition in the heart of Europe, in Brussels, where all Europeans should learn about what happened 25 years ago in the Azerbaijani city of Khojaly. I also hope that all Azerbaijani refugees and IDPs from Nagorno-Karabakh and the seven surrounding regions will soon be able to return home, using one of the five roads to which photographer Philipp Rathmer refers in his work.”

The evening concluded with a performance of contemplative music by pianist, composer and singer-songwriter Nezrin Efendiyeva, the granddaughter of Fikret Amirov, one of the foremost Azerbaijani composers, who often combined the microtones of mugham from the occupied Karabakh region with western classical music. She is also the great-granddaughter of Mashadi Jamil Amirov, a khanende (mugham singer) and tar player from Shusha, the cultural hub of Nagorno-Karabakh, who also composed the 1915 opera Seyfal mulk, amongst other works.


23–28 February 2017


Five Roads Back Home

The Art Thema Gallery

51 Rue de la Madeleine

1000 Bruxelles